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The Iceberg Project was created from a desire to travel to Italy & speak the language with ease, comfort and confidence. Now, you'll find addictive language & culture lessons for students eager to become conversational in Italian.

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When I think of the word “anzi,” I think of my caro amico Carmine, who would always say it in the midst of rants about relationship or life in general.

Just typing the word makes me smile.

And because smiling is fun + anzi is a great word to know, we’re doing three speed dates with the words “anzi”, “dunque” e “piuttosto”.

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Georgia Docultura Rose Rose Tan Docultura Georgia “Anzi” is defined as

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— In fact

— Actually

— On the contrary

— Rather

It’s used to express an objection or a confirmation to something that has already been said or a question that has been asked of you.

In general it refers to the fact that there is more to say about a topic that confirms, underlines or refutes the main point.

Esempi

— Lovely person 1: Disturbo?

— Lovely person 2: Ma no, anzi…sono molto contenta di vederti. – Am I disturbing you? No, rather…I am really happy to see you.  [source]

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— Ti voglio sempre anzi di piu. – I want you always, in fact, more than ever.  [source]

—  “Coriandoli vietati a carnevale. Anzi, no!”  – Confetti not allowed at Carnevale. On the contrary, it’s not true. [source]

— Lovely person 1: È occupato qui? – Is this (seat) taken?

Tan Rose Docultura Georgia Rose Docultura Georgia — Lovely person 2: No, anzi! – No, go right ahead.

Common expressions

— poc’anzi – just a moment ago

— anzitutto/innanzitutto – first of all

— Innanzi/Dinanzi – afore/in front*

*Note that the above words aren’t common language. You’ll hear them in more formal situations and are archaic.

“Dunque” is defined as

— Therefore

— So

— Well

— Point {this one seems random, right? But it’s meant as “This is the point” or “This is the matter” – Questo è il dunque }

Similar words could be “allora” or “quindi”.

Want to learn how to use “quindi” and “allora”? Read these articles.

Learn how to use quindi.

Learn how to use allora. 

I have read that you use “dunque” when you want to put more emphasis on a sentence. It’s also used as a way to begin a sentence and implies that your point is going to be lengthy.

Esempi

— Dunque, per tornare al nostro discorso…  – So getting back to our discussion… Bisgaard Phoebe 125 125 Cerise Cerise Cerise 125 Phoebe Bisgaard Bisgaard Bisgaard Phoebe TTSZxfw4

— “”Scrivo dunque sono”: la parola ai tempi di twitter.” – I write, therefore I am: the word at the time of Twitter.  [source]

Georgia Rose Tan Docultura Georgia Rose Docultura CPF: This is a play on “Penso dunque sono”/ “penso quindi esisto” – “I think, therefore I am.”

— Siamo arrivati al dunque. – We have now arrived at the matter (the issue at hand).

Common expressions

— Venire al dunque – Get to the point

— A prestissimo dunque! – So see you very soon! {Written in a letter} [source]

“Piuttosto” is defined as meaning

— Rather – in the sense of how we express “pretty nice, pretty strange, or pretty cheap or enough”

— Rather – in the sense of choosing one option instead of the other

Esempi

— Lui è un tipo piuttosto strano. – He’s a rather strange man.Heyraud Heyraud Nude EUPHEMIE EUPHEMIE Heyraud EUPHEMIE Nude AIq7Of

— Oggi vado in auto piuttosto che in treno. – I’ll go by car instead of taking the train today.

Docultura Georgia Tan Georgia Docultura Rose Rose — È piuttosto economico. – It’s pretty cheap.

Common expressions:

— Piuttosto bene – rather good

— Piuttosto che – rather than

Mini-challenge: Try creating one sentence using each of the words above. Write them down on paper or type them to me in the comments.

— Italian Word Speed Dates: Appena, Addirittura, Comunque and Quindi

— Italian Word Speed Dates: Tale, Eccome, e Semmai

Questions/comments? Drop ‘em below! :]

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Comments

  1. Here’s my take at the mini-challenge!

    Molte persone dicono che posso parlare italiano, anzi sto
    solo imparando!

    Fa freddo oggi, dunque porterò una giacca.

    Quella macchina è piuttosto bella.

  2. Art Rio 278 Art Stripes Stripes 278 Rio 278 Art Rio Stripes wnXOxqP says

    don’t forget, “dunque” as a woman’s weapon!
    http://marriedtoitaly.com/2014/07/16/dunque/

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Product type Sandals
Ref. 165173
Season Spring/Summer
Width Standard
Manufacture Italy
Construction Vulcanized
Size reference 38
Colour Brown
Heel height 1 cm
Lining Leather
Upper/Ankle Leather
Insole Leather
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